Although the humanity has made amazing technical and informational progress, the mental human development is enormously fallen behind. We are still controlled by the greed, so we allowed consumption to dominate the planet. The result is the plundering of natural sources, climate change, loss of biodiversity devastation of biotopes and pollution. All of this merge into a skyrocketed global ecological debt. It has gone so far that the natural ecosystems are no longer able to recover. We justify it by mistaken quality of life criteria, we deceive each other and convince ourselves that it is not bad. In reality however, it is much worse.
These photos show the same place. The coral reef on the Ras Mohammed Reef in the Red Sea. The photos were taken fifteen years apart. In such a short time, the cliffs which had been developing for fifteen thousand years had been totally destroyed. It is a typical example of how drastically and dramatically the natural ecosystems are changing.
Already in 1992, the United Nations adopted a declaration on sustainable development at a conference in Rio de Janeiro and the European Union made sustainable development as its horizontal priority. Despite a number of measures, the negative impact of our civilization on natural ecosystems has deepened and our Earth has changed dramatically in the quarter of the century since the conference in Rio. A huge number of natural ecosystems have become extinct, other species have become extinct and many other are at the highest risk. At the end of 2020, the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) published a report that two-thirds of wild animals have become extinct since 1970.
We still have a negative impact on climate, the air and water pollution is rising rapidly, and among other things, 12 million tons of plastics end in world’s oceans every year. Sea currents are creating new floating continents from the human waste, that are as big as Germany, France and Spain combined. We continue to waste too much raw material resources and food, and only in Slovakia 178 kilograms of food per capita end up in waste every year.
While working on the film ”Vek smetí“ (Age of Waste). The footage is from the polluted waterworks of Ružín and from Lomnička, where the beavers built dikes from the waste.
There are undoubtedly more reasons for a negative development, but the decisive factor is the fact that very few people understand what sustainable development actually means, what its goals are, and even less do they know how to live their lives in order to be in line with sustainable development. This is also because its principles are explained incomprehensibly and without reference to real life. For humans, the global consequences of the negative impact of our civilization on natural ecosystems seem to be impersonal, distant, and mostly they do not admit, that they would take part in them.
In order to reverse the current development, the UN has stated new objectives of the sustainable development in the document “Agenda 2030 for sustainable development” and urges the member states to base their implementation on education, training and public awareness.
That is the reason why the program “Požičaná planéta” (Borrowed Planet) is created, which in the spirit of the idea: “We did not inherit our planet from our fathers, we borrowed it from our children“, follows the process of school informatization, uses clear, modern means and in an engaging way establishes and clarifies key topics of sustainable development and environmental protection (nature protection, quality of life, people’s connection with nature, consumerist lifestyle, excessive consumption and waste, abuse of technical progress, waste and pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, etc.).
The “Požičaná planéta” program is based on key themes of sustainable development, which are divided into five thematic sections: Alienation, Consumption, Biodiversity, Climate Change and the Future is in our hands.
Teams are set up and further developed through:
-16 short and 1 feature-length (for educational purposes divided into 4 parts) film documentaries, i.e. a total of 20 documentaries, i.e. 20 topics on sustainable development
-1 textbook “Environmental education and sustainable development”
-5 multimedia literary works “Požičaná Planéta I.-V.” (always one of four topics – films)
-5 Professional methodological manuals for pedagogical practice “Education for sustainable development I.-V.” with more than 150 environmental activities for formal and non – formal education (one to four topics each)
-20 Enviro-notebooks for family education and club activities with more than 150 environmental activities (for each topic)
Author of the “Borrowed Planet”
Everything has changed when I was running down the bridge in Martin. I was running, not to let the crowd of people watching me notice that tears broke out on my face. Straight away, I phoned my daughter and cried into the phone: “Got it!” “It” was mating of the Danubian salmon (Hucho hucho) and the moment of burying its spawn into the gravel with its mighty tail. In this brief moment, three years of my frequent travels to Orava and Turiec and endless rolling in the muddy water were concentrated. At that time, I still did not have a complete story about the Queen of the Carpathians in my mind, but I knew that there would be no story without those tail strikes at the bottom of the river. I no longer wanted to prove that I was good at filming under water or capable of capturing the fish in Orava. My ego had been completely suppressed by not only the Danubian salmon’s story but mine as well – a story of looking for a meaning of what am I doing and how am I going to give back to water what she has given to me and accepted me in so many wonderful ways. Later on, I will never forget what happened in Tonga. I spent an hour and a half with a fifteen-meter-long humpback whale and its three-meter-long calf. Back in the boat, I dropped on my knees and hid my face in my palms. I was overwhelmed. This was the second time in my life I could not control my emotions. Once again, I experienced the moments when the wild animals heard out the human desire to meet. Moreover, I completed another, more than a two-year long journey, after which a story eventually got a name “Cry of a Whale”. I cannot get the memory out of my mind – harpoons penetrating blackfish in Indonesian island Lombatha, one after another, carving the Nordic Sperm Whale in Wada, Japan, and I just knew this is it – these are the scenes that will plant the right emotions into the film. All the troubles I have undergone during my realization were worth it.There, in the magic of the Orava river and under the southern cross in the Polynesian Tonga, the “Borrowed Planet” was created.”